Reassessing the Middle Kingdom mortuary complexes

One of the goals in the MKTP is the excavation of several mortuary complexes in the areas of Deir el-Bahari and Asasif to increase the amount of information about these monuments, their Zeitgeist, and the period which they were built. The excavations of Henenu (TT 313) and Ipi (TT 315) are serving this goal, adding new evidence to what the previous archaeologists achieved or what they did not take into consideration. Therefore, the information obtained in the courtyards of Henenu and Ipi will be very helpful: courtyards with inner divisions, subsidiary tombs, later constructions, mummification deposits associated with the tombs, walls of several types and a whole series of architectonic features without identification or interpretation that need more analysis and study. Further analysis in the tombs of Djari (TT 366) and Dagi (TT 103), recently incorporated into our concession, will offer even more information about the necropolis of Asasif during the late Eleventh Dynasty and the early Middle Kingdom.

The excavation in the tomb of Henenu (TT 313) continued normally, except a minor finding, a small Late Period bowl, which probably appeared here due to some ritual practice in the area. In the tomb of Ipi, once the underground chamber near the tomb of Meseh was cleaned, we have continued with the excavation and study of the western sector, where we are “following down the hill” the wall of the complex. The identification and position of this wall, as well as its construction characteristics and foundation features, will be of much help to understand the complex in this area and the later constructions that might have existed therein.

In the afternoon, we have continued with the study of the findings and the analysis in-dept of the materials and information. In the storage for the team at Ipi´s tomb, Kelly has continued photographing pieces from the complex she supervised. At the very same time, in another section of the corridor in Ipi´s tomb, the jars from the mummification deposit were photographed, what offers an idea of the intensivity of work in the tomd during the afternoon. In the meantime, Raúl and our recent incorporation, the junior inspector Marwa Abdelhamid Dandaraui, continued organizing the materials coming from the latest squares in the western sector of Ipi. On the other hand, Sebastian has been working in a series of tombs in the eastern sector, with especial focus on one of them that seems to be very promising: in the entrance corridor, the tomb “E-1” shows debris up to the ceiling, and seems not have been plundered since antiquity.

There are a few moments in our daily work with the findings when one observes interesting relations between the real objects and the representations, forms, and hieroglyphs used by the ancient Egyptians to represent the same objects. Today we got one of these discussions about a particular object between Raúl and Antonio. Both came to realize how similar a rope found as part of the mummification deposit was to the hieroglyph for the letter dotted-h, H2 or Arabic /ha/. In a photo session, later, our photographer also came to notice how similar can be the base of a jar and the full moon.

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MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Recuperando el pasado
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El proyecto

El Middle Kingdom Theban Project tiene como objetivos la excavación, estudio y publicación de varias tumbas de la necrópolis del Reino Medio en Deir el-Bahari (Henenu, Ipi, Neferhotep, E1) y de las tumbas de Dagi (TT 103) y Djari (TT 366) en la necrópolis de Asasif.

MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Ministerio Egipcio de Antigüedades

Con la colaboración del Ministerio Egipcio de Antigüedades y las autoridades del Alto Egipto, Luxor y la Orilla Occidental.

Las tumbas

Las tumbas de Henenu (TT 313) e Ipi (TT 315) se encuentran en la colina norte de la necrópolis de Deir el-Bahari, donde fueron enterrados algunos de los oficiales más importantes de Mentuhotep II y principios del Reino Medio. 

La cámara funeraria de Harhotep (CG 28023) fue localizada en el patio de la tumba TT 314 y constituye uno de los ejemplos más interesantes en arquitectura, iconografía y epigrafía del yacimiento. 

En la planicie de Asasif, las tumbas de Dagi (TT 103) y Djari (TT 366) también representan monumentos a la memoria de altos cargos tebanos del reinado de Mentuhotep II que ayudaron a construir un gran estado.

MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Fundación para el Conocimiento madri+d
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Fundación Palarq
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Castilla-La Mancha
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Asociación Española de Egiptología
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Asociación de Amigos de la UAH

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(con la colaboración de miembros MKTP)
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