Exploring the Thoth Hill

The end of the season is coming, and it was still necessary for the team of experts on landscape archaeology to take some points in far away areas of Luxor. For this reason, we requested a special permission to the Ministry of Antiquities to go up to one of the highest points in the area, the Hill of Thoth, also known as the “Crown of Thebes”. Thus, we could take some important points for our Digital Elevation Model and, at the same time, visit one of the most exceptional and inaccessible places of the Theban landscape during the Middle Kingdom.

In this hill, it seems that Mentuhotep III Sankhare sanctioned to build a temple, whose function has been interpreted by some as a place of celebration of the festival Sed (Petrie) and by other as a cultic place for the falcon form of the Theban god Montu (Vörös). Unfortunately, a visit to this place required to begin the climbing before even the time we used to work everyday and, for this reason, the group of people leaving to the Thoth Hill was limited to six members of the teams, three inspectors, and a good worker and loyal collegue of us. It took us around two hours to go up in the area, with some complicated cliffs, but the exceptionality of the structure, the landscape one could enjoy from this position, and the project interest on its function made it really worthy to come up to there.

On the other hand, some other members decided to get a break, relax from the efforts of the last days of the season, and help to organize the storage of the project. As every year, the arrangement and organization of the storage allows us to know about the tools, devices, and items used and remaining in Luxor, which eases the purchases and adquisition of new materials for the coming season. In addition, most of the members working on the organization of the storage could relax from the birthday party for Jaume, which we organized in the King’s Head Pub, where some members decided to stay longer than others.


A day of farewells and wishes for reunion

Today has been for most of our team members the final day of the season. With the exception of Raúl, José Alba and Antonio, the rest of the team members will fly tomorrow Sunday in the morning to their destinations where they will be able to organize their notes, files, and materials to continue with their investigations for the Middle Kingdom Theban Project. For this reason, today has been a day of farewells, closing of cleaning sectors, and completion of inventaries, lists, analyses, and works. In fact, one of the first tasks conducted in the day has been the wrapping up and cleaning of the rooms used at the Davies House, where we have been working for the last two weeks, mainly in terms of restoration, inventary, and photography.

It is for this reason that in the tomb of Djari as well as in the monument of Dagi most of our work has been limited to closing the major fronts, register the findings, and organize the photography, drawings, and documentation of the objects of the major sectors in the concession. The shaft located in the transversal corridor of Djari’s tomb, as well as the subsidiary structured in the southern side of its courtyard –that now will also function as storage– have been completed, documented, and closed. None will get access to these two structures until next season in late 2023.

Regarding Dagi’s tomb, not only the large findings such as fragments of stone reliefs, but also the small and fragile fragments of wall paintings have received all our attention, being registered into our inventary for future study and analyses. In the tomb of Ipi, Elsa has completed the last examination of textiles while the selections of materials to be delivered to the Carter Magazine were also culminated. Regarding the conservation team, our restorers have considered the most appropriate ways to cover the revealed painted walls of the last weeks until next season.

All in all, at the end of the day we have proceeded to close the week (even after the free day of Friday) and pay the workers, connecting it with the surprise of a small party for all with chicken shawarma sandwiches, cool sodas, cake, and much music, dancing, and laughs. The closing of the season –though José Alba, Raúl and the moudir Antonio will take care of some final deeds tomorrow Sunday– has not only meant an instant for farewells and melancholy, but has also implied a moment for the sincere appreciation of the efforts and dedication of all workers. In these hot days of May and through the complex economic and social difficulties of the moment, they have once more demonstrated a fantastic humor, great professionalism, and a strong will to transform a scientific initiative into an incredible vital experience.

Beyond the finalization tasks of closing, checking and safety that we will conduct tomorrow Sunday, today has been the last day of work, the day of payment to workers and inspectors and the best moment for hugs, for congratulating ourselves due to the good experience, and for wishing to see each other very soon… In sha’Allah!


Getting to the bottom (of the shaft)

After a few days excavating the shaft and taking out all kinds of objects from different periods of the Egyptian history, our colleague Abu Saidi has finally reached the bottom of the shaft, around 3 m below the level of the transversal corridor of Djari (TT 366). The arrival of the end of the season and the serious responsibility to document properly the structure has impeded us to continue with the cleaning of the funerary chamber at the bottom of the shaft, though the nature of the various findings discovered therein will allow us to study, analyze, and interpret the origin of the materials and the reasons for their location as part of the filling of the shaft. The photogrammetry and measurements conducted for the structure will allow us to document the discovery and consider new strategies of work for the coming season.

In the tomb of Dagi (TT 103) one can also feel that our work is coming to an end in this season. Raúl has been documenting and analyzing the information collected until now, which seems to indicate that there might have been two phases of Coptic occupation. In fact, the area of textile production in the transversal corridor between pillars 3 and 4 might have belonged to the inicial phase of occupation, just before the room experienced some modifications and came to be used as a modest hall of receptions for the attendance to the visitors of the monastery.

In the tomb of Ipi (TT 315), on the other hand, while Elsa has continued working with the vast amount of textiles coming from the deposit of mummification, Jaime and Carmen have completed the preparation of the final lists with the materials to be taken to the Carter Magazine and the Museum of Luxor. These lists and the items selected have been checked by Antonio before their packing and storage. The lists include some of the most interesting examples of findings from the mummification deposit as well as the most remarkable items from the previous six years of excavations in the complex of Ipi. 

The members of the conservation team that have not yet left Luxor –Olivia, Lily, and Jaume– have dedicated their day to treating the wooden fragments originating from the recently discovered shaft within Djari’s tomb. For this purpose –and with the permission of the Egyptian authorities– we have been able to use the house of the couple De Garis Davies, what has added some sentimental and anecdotal value to our work in the area where Nina and Norman worked so many years. The collection of materials treated by our restorers consists of objects spanning different periods of ancient pharaonic history and encompassing various typologies.

The primary challenge faced by the conservators was the significant moisture content present in the objects, requiring an urgent solution for their treatment before further study could commence. Olivia focused her efforts on consolidating the fragile pictorial layer of a small wooden piece featuring an individual, once a part of a model. Captivated by the object’s beauty, she drew upon her expertise and successfully conserved a portion of its original splendor. Meanwhile, Lily and Jaume worked on treating the objects to prevent biological deterioration and prepared temporary storage solutions to ensure their preservation in the best possible condition for future study seasons and subsequent treatments.


Following the footsteps of the craftmen (literally!)

Our work in the courtyard of Djari’s tomb continues with much activity and many fronts. The team members appointed at this complex (José Alba and Laura) have tried to cover each of the tasks to be conducted today. Ana, one of our photographers, has also tried to speed up with the various assignments of the day. Our readers must consider that our two photographers covered with their cameras each of the multiple aspects and locations of the project: work, discussions, talks, discoveries, surprises, everyday moments… and these materials appear not only in the Digging Diary and our profile of Instagram, but also in official reports and later publications that obviously require mucho work and time by our snappers.

Without delay, Ana has been photographing the structure TT 366A, which has already been completely cleaned. Later, Jesús has prepared the total station in the same monument for preparing a detailed plan of it. At the same time, José and Laura have continued with the cleaning of the semi-circular installation found in the western side of pillar F and have supervised the work by Abu Saidi at the bottom of the shaft, where we continue cleaning the filling, not reaching (yet) the end of it. The funerary chamber, in any case, will be excavated in our next season in November.

In the tomb of Dagi, Raúl has completed cleaning the interesting area of the transversal corridor, between pillars 3 and 4. The area poses many readings and interpretations because of the accumulation of levels and reuses of the space, so Jesús has been working on the production of a photogrammetry that will contribute to a better understanding of the layers, units, and strata at this place. Besides, Raúl has requested to the conservators the fabrication of casts made with a craftman’s foot and his hands, which appeared in this production area. The test with the craftman’s hands has not been conducted, but our conservadors tried the one with the foot, which we hope will offer some new information about this interesting area. In addition, our photographer Patricia has continued getting images of the objects from Dagi in her photo lab, which we improvised in “the hall of St Epiphanius” (i.e., the cultic chapel of the vizier Dagi).

Regarding the conservation team, in the morning, Lily and Jaume embarked on an endeavor to investigate an enigmatic and unidentified surface discovered within the excavation area overseen by Raul, defined by the presence of remains of mortar preparation for mural paintings. Upon initial inspection, the surface appeared to contain what resembled a footprint, possibly left behind by skilled artisans engaged in the ancient craft of mortar preparation. The conservators meticulously crafted a mold to facilitate a more comprehensive analysis of this unfamiliar surface. Unfortunately, further examinations are required before reaching a definitive conclusion regarding its true nature as a footprint. Subsequently, the conservators, accompanied by their fellow team members, explored the Middle Kingdom tomb of Intef following their break. While the group immersed themselves in the captivating historical explanations of the paintings provided by the knowledgeable mudir, they also took the opportunity to assess the artwork from a conservation and technical perspective. The conservators obtained firsthand insights into the methods employed during the recent on-site restoration of the mural paintings and closely examined their technical aspects. The preparatory layers bore resemblance to those found in the tombs of Dagi and Djari. However, the key distinction between the tomb of Intef and those of Dagi and Djari lay in the superior quality of the stone utilized as the paintings’ support in the former, which significantly contributed to the better preservation of the artworks. Following the fruitful visit, the conservators resumed their study of fragments originating from Dagi, employing the Dinolite to corroborate some of the previous hypotheses formulated the day before concerning the pigments employed for various colors.


Tradition and innovation hand-in-hand: from the manual sieving to the digital Dinolite

Among other surprises, this year the cleaning of the courtyard in TT 366 has revealed the existence of a subsidiary structure, surely built for a dependent of Djari, and a shaft –with diverse materials dating from Dynasty XI to the Byzantine times– that was located in the northern side of the transversal corridor in the monument. These novelties require from our team members a deep analysis, at times very hard physical work (in this case, mainly by our workers), and strict supervision.

However, they also require a clinical eye, a good hand with the objects, and much care with the selection of the materials. This was our case today with the tasks conducted by our workers cleaning the subsidiary tomb TT 366A and the sieving of the entire remains coming from this structure. The same duty has been conducted in the case of the cleaningof an exceptional structure made of mudbricks and attached to pilar F (already observed by Winlock and included in the plan generated after his excavations), which we believe that might be –as it happens with its counterpart in the other side of the main entrance into the tomb– some kind of installation for a tree (acacia, sycamore). This interpretation would pose the possibility that two plants decorated the main entrance into the tomb just in front of the funerary garden (structure that we hope to clean in the near future).

In both cases (TT 366A and the installation of pilar F), sieving allows the collecting of critical and often small materials such as sealings, coffin fragments, seeds, bones and fruits, a kind of evidence critical for our documentation of Djari.

On the other hand, in the tomb of Dagi (TT 103) archaeologists have continued with the cleaning of the transversal corridor area where –according to the initial excavators Winlock and Crum– there was a reception room for the monastery of St. Epiphanius and, previously, a textile production area might have existed. Obviously, as we explained yesterday, the accummulation of layers of occupation allows us not only to evidence the reuse of the place over the centuries but also to identify the minor changes produced in a monument, room or area within the same period. Aside of this work, the archaeology team at Dagi has been “shooting points” to continue with the documentation of the various units, contexts, and strata so that we can proceed at the end of the fieldwork with our investigations on the uses and reuses of this section of the monument.

Our conservators Ella, Jaume, and Lily embarked on a technical analysis of the paintings preserved in the tomb, as well as some of the fragments, using a Dinolite. The examination with this device offers variable magnification ranging from 20 to 250x, depending on the working distance. This range is achieved by a simple rotation of a dial, allowing for zooming in or out. This feature facilitates a detailed examination of the surfaces, including the preparation layers and pigments. Particularly fascinating were the mixtures of different pigments employed by ancient craftspeople to achieve specific colors. The results obtained from this analysis will provide valuable insights into the mural techniques employed during the Middle Kingdom. In the future, these findings will enable the team to compare the results with similar analyses conducted in the tomb of Dagi, and eventually, other Middle Kingdom tombs in the area. Consequently, a greater understanding of the techniques employed during that period, which still remains a mystery, will become more comprehensible.


Alf dabaqa wa-dabaqa (“One thousand and one layers”)

The study of the material culture allows us to identify categories, types, fabrics, modes of production and even uses and reuses of the objects in the everyday life as well as in the funerary domain. Besides, some critical information that can be obtained in occassions –and this is what really interests at first to the archaeologists– is the date or period of the object, which allows the specialist to contextualize an entire area, section or stratigraphic unit.

Through the cleaning of the shaft –already disturbed– in the transversal corridor of Djari’s tomb, we have recovered many objects to which we have applied the very same aforementioned rules (of interest): analysis of the types or categories, fabrics, modes of production, uses and reuses, as well as dating. For better or worse (here in the team everyone has an opinion in this respect!), our shaft was previously filled with remains of a completely different nature: model jars and fragments of model boats of the First Intermediate Period appear in contact with blue-painted ceramics and funerary cones of the New Kingdom, fragments of granite statues, remains of Late Period coffins, and Coptic as well as Bizantine ceramics. A good example of the diversity of materials is the collection of funerary cones of an individual called Iah-mes (Ahmose) found near a miniature offering tray of the First Intermediate Period. No doubt, the life of a funerary complex like this, situated in the center of Asasif among the tombs of Montuemhat (TT 34), Pedamenopet (TT 33), Pabasa (TT 279), and Padihorresnet (TT 196), was much more active than one could imagine. In fact, this justified the “thousand and one layers” of reuse of the monument and the diverse material obtained from the shaft.

In the complex of Dagi, Raúl and Jaime have continued collecting information about the sector excavated in the transversal corridor in relation to pillars 3 and 4. In this area, the team members have discussed the evidence, which seems to indicate several layers of use from the Eleventh Dynasty to the Coptic period. The strata above gebel (i.e., bedrock) show a sequence that expands from the preparation and plastering of the original floor for Dagi to the accumulation of debris and later preparation of –at least– two floors as well as benches and walls related to the initial two phases of Coptic occupation. In addition, in this area our archaeologists have found a depression with two roundy hollows which might have been used for a large loom installed there before the construction of some steps, a little gate, and benches against the wall.

On the other hand, in the tomb of Ipi (TT 315), Carmen and Antonio have continued with the collection of inventory numbers and objects to be packed and delivered to the Carter Magazine and the Luxor Museum. We still count with the coming season of November 2023 for completing this task and fulfill the requirements of the Ministry of Antiquities. The selection of the most interesting wrappings, shrouds, bandages, natron bags, stoppers, and large jars is conducted considering the role of these objects in the exhibition we plan to organize at the Luxor Museum and the later delivery of these materials to the Mummification Museum of Luxor. 

Regarding our conservation work today, in the tomb of Dagi, Lily completed the assessment of the mural paintings preserved on-site. Meanwhile, Olivia and Ella performed urgent consolidation work on certain mural paintings surrounding the area being excavated by Raul. Finally, Jaume continued with the consolidation and storage tasks for several mural fragments originating from the tomb.


When bosses and their dependents got buried together

In the Spring of 1922, Herbert Winlock and the expedition of the Metropolitan Museum of Art in New York found a subsidiary chamber in the funerary complex of Ipi. This structure was labelled MMA 516B because it was considered a construction for some dependent located in the main monument of the vizier, called MMA 516. The funerary equipment and burial found in the tomb belonged to an individual who had usurped the structure to use it as his eternal dwelling. The discovery of some papyri with personal letters and business notes belonging to a man called Heqanakhte seems to indicate that this was the original owner of the subsidiary construction MMA 516B.

Today, after the visit of the inspectors and managers of the Ministry of Antiquities, we have received the authorization to proceed and get access into this tomb. First, we removed the cement sealing of the upper part of the gate into the tomb; then, we initiate the cleaning of the inner rooms: a short corridor and a chamber with a rock-cut section for a coffin. As it happened with Ipi, the director of prisons Djari probably assigned the southern corner of his tomb for a dependent, who built a tomb that we have now labelled TT 366A and will proceed to document in the next days. Beyond the opening and work in this subsidiary structure, Jesús has worked on the preparation of plans for the chamber and the associated shaft in the transversal corridor of Djari, which he has completed with the total station. Afterwards, Abu Saidi has continued with the cleaning of the bottom of the shaft to complete this task in this season.

In the tomb of Dagi, our work continues at a good pace. Raúl completed the cleaning of the inner section of the transversal corridor, while Jaime made inventory of the multiple fragments of painting found in the last days. Once this was done, they continued with the cleaning of the area between pillars 3 and 4, where Crum and Winlock already determined that there might have been a loom in Coptic times. We hope that the study of the area will allow us to know more about the reuse of particular sections of the tomb of Dagi for specific purposes by the monks of St Epiphanius.

Regarding the conservation duties in the site, today the team started a new day without the contribution of our colleage Reed, who left together with Sergio this morning. As for the remaining members in-site, Lily and Olivia conducted a thorough condition assessment of the wall paintings in both the tombs of Djari and Dagi. They meticulously recorded various aspects such as cracks, abrasion, insect damage, and losses. This comprehensive assessment provides valuable insights into the state of preservation and serves as a guide for our conservation efforts.

Moreover, Ella and Jaume successfully completed the conservation work on the fragments they carefully lifted from the floor of Dagi’s tomb. Following this, they supervised the drying process for the polychrome wood discovered in Djari’s tomb shaft, ensuring protection against humidity-induced mold and biological deterioration. These critical tasks are instrumental in the safe handling and preservation of these fragile artifacts.


The pit and the pendulum

The cleaning of the shaft discovered a few days ago has been conducted very diligently in the last two days. We have been very lucky to have Sergio still with us –he leaves tomorrow morning– to produce one more photogrammetry of the current state of the shaft; Jesús will soon take the total station inside to prepare a proper plan of the chamber before we continue cleaning and documenting the shaft.

The fact that the vertical hole was filled with large pieces of limestone (probably from a sarcophagus!) has contributed to the expeditiousness of the task. In fact, the depth achieved up to this morning has made our work very intricate and has forced the moudir and rais Ali to give some directions to instal a lifting system with three wooden beams and a pulley. Only five minutes later, the rais himself was already swinging in the pulley, hanging on the rope, calculating how to land on the bottom of the shaft without causing any damage to the few remains on it. Once the pulley system was proved, Antonio descended the shaft to check –together with the satisfied Abu Saidi– the remains of a stone and mudbrick wall blocking the entrance into a burial chamber. It was clear that the chamber had been previously robbed, though Antonio’s access to its interior allowed him to identify remains of Middle Kingdom models of boats and offering carriers, fragments of a red painted limestone statue, and (unfortunately), newspaper pages, tobacco packages, and boxes of matches. It is still soon to offer a coherent interpretation, but the original burial might have been produced in the New Kingdom, considering the remains in the shaft and the possibility of using the nearby materials from the tomb of Djari to build his “place of eternity”.

Regarding our work in the tomb of Dagi, Raúl has continued with the careful documentation of the morter production area. We hope to apply plaster to the feet and hand marks and get a cast out of them.

On the other hand, Carmen and Jaime have left the “Dagi team” and have moved to the tomb of Ipi where they have initiated the selection of special objects from the mummification deposit, which must be moved to the Carter Magazine and the Museum of Luxor. The deposit materials will be moved to the museum so that, when the replica of the deposit arrives to the institution, we can prepare the small exhibition that we have designed together with the director of the Luxor Museum, Dr. Alaa, and will be opened in some months.

In the tomb of Dagi, Ella, Jaume and Lily were involved in lifting dozens of mural paintings that were rediscovered mixed with the sand on the ground. The presence of other materials mixed with the paintings, such as deceased animals and a flash bulb from the 60s, suggests that unknown individuals during that time may have handled and discarded the mural paintings. Once the fragments were lifted, they directed their efforts towards cleaning, consolidating, assessing, and documenting the wall paintings. These fragments, covered in layers of dirt accumulated over thousands of years, required meticulous cleaning to reveal the stunning iconography and texts beneath. Additionally, some fragments needed consolidation to stabilize their fragile edges, which involved applying dilute adhesives. These essential steps ensure that the photography team captures all the intricate details for future study and publication.

In the tombs of Djari and Dagi, Reed and Olivia persisted in applying their specially crafted emergency mortar to the areas most in need of repair. These crucial interventions now pave the way for the conservation team to strategically plan future actions for these archaeological treasures. With their expertise and careful attention, the team can ensure the preservation and continued study of these remarkable ancient paintings.


Three plans for fun!

As it is usual with most of missions in Luxor, Friday is a day of time off for the teams’ members to relax and do whatever they would like to do. For this reason, it is normal that several plans show up at the same time, depending on the preferences or necessities of each person.

Yesterday Thursday, these plans were getting into shape for those who wished to consider the options: on the one hand, some members of the team decided to visit the temple of Medinet Habu (Ana, Jaume, Ella, Carmen, Lily and Ana) and later go to the swimming pool of Al-Moudira, where they also join the rest of people who went there directly and got some nice lunch outside our hotel. Several people who had been in the temples of Edfou and Esna (Jaime, Reed, Olivia, Laura), where they learnt more about the Ptolemaic temples. On the other hand, a small group of four people left yesterday Thursday to visit some sites in Middle Egypt (Meir, Al-Hammamiya, Fraser tombs). To these alternatives we must add the option of Raúl, who left to see several Old Kingdom cemeteries to consider some possible options to initiate his own project in the area of Al-Minia.

At the end of the day all os us returned to the Marsam Hotel to get an early dinner or jump –almost directly– into our beds to prepare ourselves for a new day full of activity. It seems that the coming week will be hard, intense, and full of objjectives to be achieved in the few days of our mission. The intensive work has provoked a couple of sunstrokes and stomach issues, but we can say that the members affected are getting well and ready to continue their work at the site of Asasif and Deir el-Bahari.


On shafts, stamps, and paintings

The discovery of a funerary shaft in the tomb of Djari has added a new incentive to the multiple tasks of these days. After the yesterday visit –and aproval– of the head inspector of the area, Dr. Abd El-Ghany, we have continued with the excavation of the shaft, which originally emerged as a concentration of mudbricks.

The depth of half a meter that has already reached the shaft allows us to think that again –as it happened with the coffin niche that broke into the stela niche of Djari– the transversal hall was reused, a very well-known phenomenon in the area of Asasif where tombs dating to the Middle Kingdom, New Kingdom, and the Kushite and Saite Periods mount on each other. In any case, the materials found by the archaeologists indicate that the shaft is not intact. In the southern corner, we continue removing debris to reach the gebel. Once we have documented the entire area, we will be able to dismantle the block of cement at this spot and get access into the structure.

On the other hand, in the complex of Dagi there has also been some news. Raúl, Jaime and Carmen have continued with the final cleaning of the eastern sector of the transversal hall, where they have found out an interesting question: some of the mudbricks used by the Coptic monks in the monastery of St Epiphanius had stamps. These stamps date to the pharaonic times and are partially readable. A detailed study and high resolution photographies (including the RTI methods) will contribute to the documentation and understanding of these features.

Other promising news came from the complex of the vizier Ipi where Miguel Ángel, in his last day of work, has explained to us the sequential steps for the construction of the funerary chamber. Miguel Ángel, who has been one of the few specialists working in this complex together with the inspector of the northern sector, Dr. Said, has developed a great work in the tomb together with the other specialists therein: Elsa Yvanez. In the previous season, Elsa already documented and studied the textiles from the mummification deposit of Ipi, but the high number of bandages, wrappings, shrouds, shawls, and other types of linen pieces for the mummification of the vizier have forced her –and she is happy to do so– to return to continue with her analysis.

Regarding the conservation team, our five colleagues have worked diligently in the tombs of Dagi and Djari today. In Djari, Reed and Olivia continued their experiments with mortar recipes, successfully discovering the perfect one for emergency mortars to be used on the mural paintings in both tombs. Meanwhile, Lily, Ella, and Jaume focused on consolidating the most fragile parts of the walls before applying the mortar and prior to the removal of the wooden planks that still cover the majority of the paintings in the tomb of Djari. This crucial process ensures the protection of the paintings from further damage. By faithfully replicating ancient practices, we strive to preserve these remarkable pieces of history for future study and the benefit of generations to come.

After completing the consolidation of the visible areas, the team, assisted by the moudir, embarked on a delicate task—carefully removing the first wooden plank from one of the paintings. In the selected side of pillar D, according to the photos taken by the Met expedition led by Herbert Winlock, there are two wrestlers fighting in front of the tomb owner, a traditional scene that expresses the prestige and consideration of the deceased by the community. Regarding the removal of the first plank, anticipation filled the air as nobody was truly aware of the state of preservation hidden beneath. With precision, they skillfully cut through the joints of the wooden panel using a saw and lifted it away. And then, like a breathtaking revelation, the millennia-old ancient painting resurfaced, captivating everyone’s gaze.

MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Recuperando el pasado

El proyecto

El Middle Kingdom Theban Project tiene como objetivos la excavación, estudio y publicación de varias tumbas de la necrópolis del Reino Medio en Deir el-Bahari (Henenu, Ipi, Neferhotep, E1) y de las tumbas de Dagi (TT 103) y Djari (TT 366) en la necrópolis de Asasif.

MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Ministerio Egipcio de Antigüedades

Con la colaboración del Ministerio Egipcio de Antigüedades y las autoridades del Alto Egipto, Luxor y la Orilla Occidental.

Las tumbas

Las tumbas de Henenu (TT 313) e Ipi (TT 315) se encuentran en la colina norte de la necrópolis de Deir el-Bahari, donde fueron enterrados algunos de los oficiales más importantes de Mentuhotep II y principios del Reino Medio. 

La cámara funeraria de Harhotep (CG 28023) fue localizada en el patio de la tumba TT 314 y constituye uno de los ejemplos más interesantes en arquitectura, iconografía y epigrafía del yacimiento. 

En la planicie de Asasif, las tumbas de Dagi (TT 103) y Djari (TT 366) también representan monumentos a la memoria de altos cargos tebanos del reinado de Mentuhotep II que ayudaron a construir un gran estado.

MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovación
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Gobierno de Castilla-La Mancha
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Fundación para el Conocimiento madri+d
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Ministerio de Cultura y Deporte
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Fundación Palarq
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Parque Científico y Tecnológico de Castilla-La Mancha
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Asociación Española de Egiptología
MKTP - Middle Kingdom Theban Project - Patrocinadores - Asociación de Amigos de la UAH

Copyright 2020 MKTP ©  Todos los derechos reservados. Editor: Antonio J. Morales
(con la colaboración de miembros MKTP)
Cookies | Privacidad

Sitio Web realizado por MindHouse