Idea

In August 2014 Antonio Morales visited the areas of Deir el-Bahari and Asasif in West Bank Luxor with the aim of selecting some funerary complexes for a project concerned with the origins and construction of the Middle Kingdom period. These monuments would become the target of archaeological, historical, and cultural research, and could contribute to a better understanding of the history of the early Middle Kingdom.

With the permission of the Permanent Committee and the Office of Foreign Mission Affairs, the head of the project visited nine Middle Kingdom tombs and selected two of them for a project to be developed under the auspices of Freie Universität Berlin. In 2017 the project became part of the program in Egyptology developed at the University of Alcalá (UAH).

The Middle Kingdom Theban Project involves the archaeological excavation, conservation and epigraphic work in the tombs of Henenu (TT 313) and Ipi (TT 315), both located in the area of Deir el-Bahari in Luxor. The oustanding position of both monuments, preliminary excavated in 1921-1922 by the NY Metropolitan Museum of Art, and the fundamental role of their owners in the construction of the Egyptian state and the social and cultural transformations that gave shape to the pharaonic culture makes this project relevant and necessary for the understanding of the Middle Kingdom in Egypt. As a matter of fact, most of the religious, social and cultural aspects known to the pharaonic culture in the later periods emerged in this period of social concord after civil conflicts and intellectual and religious progress.